A takeover is really a process wherein an acquirer starts control of the prospective company. The acquirer may achieve this without or with the consent from the shareholders. Here are a few of their defenses employed in the U.S, Europe and India
This strategy is usually utilized to prevent a hostile takeover. Here the prospective company counters the takeover bid if you attempt to acquire the bidder’s company start by making a counter offer to get the process of the acquiring company. This diverts the attention in the acquirer, who becomes busy in preventing the takeover of their own company. The hostile takeover attempt of Martin Marietta by Bendix Corporation in 1982 is a useful one. As a result of the takeover bid, Martin Marietta started buying Bendix stock for the exact purpose of assuming control of the organization.
Nancy Reagan Defence
This plan may be the one in which the board in the directors in the target company avoid the formal bid produced by the acquirer for the shareholders to purchase their shares. The board of directors contain the authority to resist a takeover attempt and the matter ends here. The constitution with the company gives them this authority. The term refers to a catch phrase coined by U.S. first lady Nancy Reagan advocating “abstinence from recreational drug use’’.
A financial institution mail defense approach is one where the bank from the target firm refuses financing options to the firm that is interested in taking it over. This is accomplished for the exact purpose of preventing an acquisition through doing the subsequent:
•Depriving the merger through non availability of finance
•Increasing the transaction costs in the acquirer
•Delaying the takeover and permitting the target firm to develop other anti-takeover strategies
The acquiring firm might also maintain other companies out of your fray. For example, Company A looking to buy Company B may seek an assurance from a bank that it's going to either loan company A’s bid or no bid in any respect. This kind of strategy could also be used to block others in the takeover fray.
Crown Jewel Defence
Crown jewel represents essentially the most valuable unit or department of your company. These units are classified as crown jewels depending on their profitability, price of assets owned, and future growth prospects. Because these will be the best aspects of the business, they can be used as a takeover defense. Here the business creates anti-takeover clauses whereby it provides the right to sell off the crown jewels in the eventuality of a hostile takeover.
Sandbag comes about when the target firm has a tendency to defer the takeover or perhaps the acquisition with the hope that another firm, with better offers, may takeover instead. To put it differently, it does not take process where the target firm “kills time” while awaiting an even more eligible firm to initiate the takeover.
It becomes an anti-takeover strategy whereby the target firm issues a charter preventing people with more than 10% ownership of convertible securities such as convertible bonds, convertible preference shares, and warrants from transferring these securities to voting stock. This charter gets a barrier and hostile takeover becomes difficult. If your acquirer enters this trap, it is hard to exit as the acquirer can neither acquire controlling stake in the industry in the target, nor will it exit in the limited stake acquired.
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